Neurosurgery Treatments Available Surgery in India, Neurosurgery Procedures India
The nervous system is a complex network of thread-like nerves and cells that carry messages to and from the brain and spinal cord to various parts of the body including the sensory organs, arms, hands, legs, and feet. In contemporary surgical treatment of these tumors, the vast majority of patients go on to lead a normal life following their surgery. The two main concerns that patients typically have is preservation of facial nerve function and of hearing. The facial nerve exits the brain stem and is anatomically in a position adjacent to the vestibulocochlear nerve.
A short description of Neuro Treatment:
Stroke : The brain is very complex, and some areas are much more vulnerable to blood loss from blockages than others. This is one of the main reasons some strokes cause so much more damage than others. The brain requires lots of blood from moment to moment, because it can't store any energy. So when brain cells don't get blood, they start to die right away. The cardiovascular physiology states that stroke volume or SV is that blood volume which is pumped from one ventricle with every beat of heart. The calculation of stroke volume is done by subtracting blood volume present in the ventricle at every beat’s end (called end-systolic volume) from the blood volume just before the beat (called end-diastolic volume). Stroke volume is equally applicable to both left and right ventricle of heart. The two stroke volume is usually similar and measures around 70 ml in a healthy human body of 70kg. Stroke volume is also considered as an important cardiac output determinant as cardiac output is the byproduct of heart rate and stroke volume. Stroke volume has been found to reduce in case of diseases or other related conditions and hence it is said to correlate with cardiac function.
Cerebral Aneurysm occurs at a weak spot in an artery. Once weakened, the artery wall bulges outward and fills with blood. This bulge is called an aneurysm. An aneurysm can burst, spilling blood into the organ to which it supplies blood. When this happens, permanent damage, disability, or death may occur depending on the location and size of the aneurysm. Emergency treatment for individuals with a ruptured cerebral aneurysm generally includes restoring deteriorating respiration and reducing intracranial pressure. Surgery is usually performed within the first 3 days to clip the ruptured aneurysm and to reduce the risk of rebleeding. In patients for whom surgery is considered too risky, microcoil thrombosis or balloon embolization may be performed. Other treatments may include bed rest, drug therapy, or hypertensive-hypervolemic therapy (hypervolemic hemodilution) to control vasospasm.

Epilepsy Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which a person has repeated seizures (convulsions) over time. Seizures are episodes of disturbed brain activity that cause changes in attention or behavior. Epilepsy is just one of many conditions that may cause seizures. Others include head injuries, infections in the brain, low blood sugar, drug use, and alcohol withdrawal. On the other hand, seizures are just the tip of the iceberg for people with epilepsy. In addition to working to prevent seizures, people with epilepsy typically face an array of other challenges including cognitive, social and medical problems. The good news is that epilepsy is not considered a degenerative disorder. That is, it can be controlled without getting worse and most epilepsy patients lead full and long lives.

Trigeminal Neuralgia Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN) is a chronic disorder that usually affects people in middle or later life and only rarely in children or young adults. It is an excruciating facial pain that tends to come and go in sudden shock-like attacks and is due to a chronic disorder of the trigeminal nerve (5th cranial nerve) which is the largest of the body’s 12 pairs of cranial nerves. rigeminal neuralgia is characterized by sudden bursts (paroxysms) of face pain. These bursts are often triggered by a light touch around the mouth or face or by talking, eating, or brushing one's teeth. The pain sometimes gets worse or better for periods of weeks or months. The pain is in the areas supplied by the trigeminal nerve: the cheeks, jaw, teeth, gums, lips and less often around the eye or forehead. Usually pain occurs on just one side of the face, but in five to ten percent of patients, pain occurs on both sides of the face, although not at the same time. The pain responds to Tegretol (carbamazepine is the generic name), but sometimes the dose has to be increased and unpleasant side effects can occur.

Parkinson's Disease Parkinson’s patients, the cause lies somewhere in the middle. While many Parkinson’s patients report one or more family members with the disease, it is not always clear that one or several genes are the cause. Similarly, while some patients suspect that exposure to one or another chemical or environmental toxin caused their Parkinson’s disease, this also cannot be conclusively proved. Scientists currently believe that in the majority of cases, genetic and environmental factors interact to cause Parkinson’s disease. Research into this subject continues aggressively every day. Unfortunately, however, it is generally impossible to determine what specifically caused an individual’s Parkinson’s disease. a progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly affecting middle-aged and elderly people. It is associated with degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine.

Brain Tumors Parkinson’s patients, the cause lies somewhere in the middle. While many Parkinson’s patients report one or more family members with the disease, it is not always clear that one or several genes are the cause. Similarly, while some patients suspect that exposure to one or another chemical or environmental toxin caused their Parkinson’s disease, this also cannot be conclusively proved. Scientists currently believe that in the majority of cases, genetic and environmental factors interact to cause Parkinson’s disease. Research into this subject continues aggressively every day. Unfortunately, however, it is generally impossible to determine what specifically caused an individual’s Parkinson’s disease.

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